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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Poaceae » Blut-Hirse
Blutrote Fingerhirse
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. accepted
Panicum sanguinale L. Basionym
>Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. pectiniformis Henrard accepted
>Digitaria ciliaris , auct., non (Retz.) Koel. Synonym
>Digitaria pectiniformis (Henrard) Tzvelev Synonym
>Digitaria sanguinalis var. pectiniformis (Henrard) Tuyama Synonym
>Panicum ciliare , auct., non Retz. 1786 Synonym
>Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. sanguinalis accepted
>Syntherisma vulgare Schrad. Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status A (archaeophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin a (anecophytic)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction SA (agricultural weed)
Mode of introduction VN (escaped crop and timber plant)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization AG (agriophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 9
Chromosome number 2n 36
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: DNA content »
DNA content »
DNA content (pg/2C) 2.4
Chromosome number 54
Quality chromosome number known, but does not occur in Germany [n]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 True
Reference Bennett, M.D., Leitch, I.J., Hanson, L. 1998: DNA amounts in two samples of angiosperm weeds. Annals of Botany 82 Supplement A:121-134
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBABBBBAAABBBBABAA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form T (Therophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span a (annual)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Wilhalm, T. 1995: A comparative study of clonal fragmentation in tussock-forming grasses. Abstr. Bot. 19:51-60
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gras (grass-like)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 7
End of flowering (months) 10
Duration of flowering (months) 4
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 8 (Clematis vitalba-Galium sylvaticum-Phase)
Phenological season: midsummer
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Krumbiegel, A. 2002: Morphologie der vegetativen Organe (außer Blätter). In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.) BiolFlor - Biologisch-ökologische Daten zur Flora Deutschlands, S. 1-2, Bonn
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Connor, H.E. 1979: Breeding system in the grasses: a survey. New Zealand Journal of Botany 17:547-574
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy h (homogamous)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: SC, da idR Selbstbestäubt, Kleistogam...
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wi (wind)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance possible [5]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system AF (facultative autogamous)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: vgl. Klassifizierungsschema Abb.
P/O ratio »
P/O ratio 1234.0
Reference Cruden, R.W. 1977: Pollen-ovule ratios: a conservative indicator of breeding systems in flowering plants. Evolution 31:32-46
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER W (wind flowers)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type TFSt (part of infructescence)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type TFSt (part of infructescence)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages sometimes [2]
Development of additional appendages always [1]
Weights »
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TFSt (part of infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.0
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.0
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.0
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore TFSt (part of infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.0
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.0
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.0
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.7
Length (mean) [mm] 1.9
Length (maximum) [mm] 2.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.8
Width (mean) [mm] 0.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.3
Height (mean) [mm] 0.4
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.5
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore TFSt (part of infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.8
Length (mean) [mm] 3.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 3.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Height (mean) [mm] 0.7
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TFSt (part of infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.8
Length (mean) [mm] 3.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 3.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Height (mean) [mm] 0.7
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.9
special references:
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Endtmann, K.J. 1976: Zur Determination und Verbreitung der "Hirse"-Arten (Panicum s.l.) im Norden der DDR. Gleditschia 4:75-81 (Gattung)
Häfliger, T.J., Scholz, H. 1981: Grass weeds. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY Ltd., Basel (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type r (ruderals)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone u (austral and/or antarctic)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic zone r (tropical)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic zone o (subtropical)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status anthropogenic range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 3
Oceanity »
Oceanity os (weak oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region a (Asia)
Continent of floristic region: a (Asien)
Status natural range
Floristic region c (circumpolar)
Continent of floristic region: c (circumpolar)
Status anthropogenic range
Floristic region f (Africa)
Continent of floristic region: f (Afrika)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby c (a-euhemerobic)
Hemeroby p (polyhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 3 (urbanoneutral)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T7.4.2 (null)
Alliance: Polygono-Poetea annuae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.3 (null)
Alliance: Sisymbrienea
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.3.1 (null)
Alliance: Sisymbrion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T9.1.1.3 (null)
Alliance: Polygono-Chenopodion polyspermi
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 06.3 (Communities of annual trampling resistent plants)
Class: Polygono arenastri-Poetea annuae
English circumscription 06.4 (Annual ruderal communities)
Class: Sisymbrietea officinalis
English circumscription 06.6 (Chickweed and other field weed communities)
Class: Stellarietea mediae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
DNA content »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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