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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz Brassicaceae » Französische Hundsrauke
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz accepted
Erucastrum pollichii Schimp. & Spenn. Synonym
Sisymbrium gallicum Willd. Basionym
Eruca erucastrum (L.) P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status A (archaeophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin u (unknown)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction SA (agricultural weed)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization EO (epecophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 15
Chromosome number 2n 30
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBABBAABAABBBBABBABBBBBB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life form T (Therophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span a (annual)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span b (biennial)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs r (Primary storage root)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Root metamorphoses »
Root metamorphoses r (Primary storage root)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Warwick, S.I., Wall, D.A. 1998: The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 78:155-165
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence i (persistent green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form fied (pinnatifid)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 10
Duration of flowering (months) 6
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Warwick, S.I., Wall, D.A. 1998: The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 78:155-165
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Warwick, S.I., Wall, D.A. 1998: The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 78:155-165
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Anmerkung 2002: pers. obs.
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy h (homogamous)
Reference Bateman, A.J. 1955: Self-incompatibility systems in angiosperms. III. Cruciferae. Heredity 9:53-68
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Hinata, K., Isogai, A., Isuzugawa, K. 1994: Manipulation of sporophytic self-incompatibility in plant breeding. In: Williams, E.G., Clarke, A.E., Knox, R.B. (Hrsg.) Genetic control of self-incompatibility and reproductive development in flowering plants, S. 102-115, Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Warwick, S.I., Wall, D.A. 1998: The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 78:155-165
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system AO (autogamous)
Reference Warwick, S.I., Wall, D.A. 1998: The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 78:155-165
Flower color »
Flower colour whitish yellow, greenish veined
Basic flower colour w (white)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER A (flowers with open nectar)
Typical pollinators: beetles, flies, syrphids, wasps, medium tongued bees
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 1.2a (disk flowers with nectar open)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Sch (siliqua)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type S (seed)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type S (seed)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.2
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.2
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.2
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.2
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Length (mean) [mm] 1.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 1.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.4
Width (mean) [mm] 0.7
Width (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.3
Height (mean) [mm] 0.5
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.8
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Length (mean) [mm] 1.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 1.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.4
Width (mean) [mm] 0.7
Width (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.3
Height (mean) [mm] 0.5
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.8
special references:
Beijerink, W. 1947: Zadenatlas der Nederlandsche Flora. Biol. Stat. Wijster, Wageningen (Gattung)
Berggren, G. 1981: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 3 (Salicaceae-Cruciferaceae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type cr (competitors/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity sos (weak suboceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: extreme central continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby b (b-euhemerobic)
Hemeroby c (a-euhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 2 (moderately urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat L4.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Ufer
Habitat L4.2 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Ufer
Habitat L4.3 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Ufer
Habitat L4.4 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Ufer
Habitat T10.3.3.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.3.1 (null)
Alliance: Sisymbrion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T9.1.2.1 (null)
Alliance: Fumario-Euphorbion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 06.4 (Annual ruderal communities)
Class: Sisymbrietea officinalis
English circumscription 06.6 (Chickweed and other field weed communities)
Class: Stellarietea mediae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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