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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Hippophae rhamnoides L. Elaeagnaceae » Sanddorn
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Hippophae rhamnoides L. accepted
Hippophae litoralis Salisb. Synonym
>Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. carpatica Rousi accepted
>Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. fluviatilis Soest accepted
>Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. rhamnoides accepted
>Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. maritima Soest Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 12
Chromosome number 2n 24
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBBABBABAB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form N (Nanophanerophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses sd (Shoot thorn)
Qualifier always [1]
Root metamorphoses »
Root metamorphoses ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Pénzes, A. 1960: Über die Morphologie, Dynamik und zönologische Rolle der Sproßkolonien bildenden Pflanzen (Polycormone):. Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Warszawa 6:501-515
Beijerinck, M.W. 1887: Beobachtungen und Betrachtungen über Wurzelknospen und Nebenwurzeln. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. , Afd. Natuurk. , Tweede Sect. 25:1-146
Salisbury, E. 1952: Downs and dunes. Their plant life and its environment. Bells & Sons, London
Bell, A.D. 1994: Illustrierte Morphologie der Blütenpflanzen. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form lang (long-leaf)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 3
End of flowering (months) 5
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 3 (Prunus avium-Ranunculus auricomus-Phase)
Phenological season: end of early spring
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction sv (by seed and vegetatively)
Reference Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Dicliny »
Dicliny do (dioecious)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference East, E.M. 1940: The distribution of self-sterility in the flowering plants. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 82:449-518
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wi (wind)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Fryxell, P.M. 1957: Modes of reproduction of higher plants. The Botanical Review 23:135-233
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513
Amount of floral reward 1 (none)
Flower color »
Flower colour bronce brownish
Basic flower colour br (brown)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER W (wind flowers)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 7.5
Weight (mean) [mg] 11.0
Weight (maximum) [mg] 14.0
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 216.4
Weight (mean) [mg] 250.8
Weight (maximum) [mg] 286.8
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 6.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 2.0
Width (mean) [mm] 2.5
Width (maximum) [mm] 2.9
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.7
Height (mean) [mm] 2.1
Height (maximum) [mm] 2.5
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 7.0
Length (mean) [mm] 8.1
Length (maximum) [mm] 10.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 5.0
Width (mean) [mm] 7.3
Width (maximum) [mm] 10.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 5.0
Height (mean) [mm] 7.2
Height (maximum) [mm] 10.0
special references:
Pearson, M.C., Rogers, J.A. 1962: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Hippophae rhamnoides L.. Journal of Ecology 50:501-513 (Gattung)
Anderberg, A.L. 1994: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 4 (Resedaceae - Umbelliferae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Beijerink, W. 1947: Zadenatlas der Nederlandsche Flora. Biol. Stat. Wijster, Wageningen (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level m (montane)
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level m (montane)
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 3
Oceanity »
Oceanity sk (subcontinental)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 3
Minimum level of oceantity: extreme central continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region a (Asia)
Continent of floristic region: a (Asien)
Status natural range
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Hemeroby b (b-euhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 2 (moderately urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat H1.2.2.5 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat H1.2.2.6 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat H1.2.2.7 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat L5.1.2 (null)
Alliance: Salicion eleagni
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T1.4.1.3 (null)
Alliance: Erico-Pinion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Flussschotter
Habitat T2.1.2.1 (null)
Alliance: Berberidion u. Carpino-Prunion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T2.1.2.3 (null)
Alliance: Salicetalia arenariae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 05.1 (Communities of coastal dunes)
Class: Ammophiletea arenariae
English circumscription 09.2 (Acidic deciduous bush communities)
Class: Franguletea
English circumscription 09.3 (Willow marsh shrublands)
Class: Carici-Salicetea cinereae
English circumscription 09.4 (Willow communities of river banks and floodplains)
Class: Salicetea purpureae
English circumscription 09.5 (Blackthorn and buckthorn shrubs)
Class: Rhamno-Prunetea spinosae
English circumscription 10.7 (Snow-heather pine-forests)
Class: Erico-Pinetea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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