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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle Hydrocharitaceae » Grundnessel
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle accepted
Serpicula verticillata L. f. Basionym
Udora lithuanica (Besser) Rchb. Synonym
Anacharis pommeranica (Rchb.) Peterm. Synonym
Udora verticillata (L. f.) Spreng. Synonym
Udora pommeranica Rchb. Synonym
Hottonia serrata Willd. Synonym
Udora occidentalis , auct. W. D. J. Koch, ex descr., non (Pursh) W. D. J. Koch Synonym
Hydrilla dentata Caspary Synonym
Hydrilla ovalifolia Richard Synonym
Hydrilla lithuanica (Besser) Dandy Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status N (neophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin u (unknown)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction VZ (escaped ornamental plant)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization EO (epecophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 8
Chromosome number 2n 16
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
Basic chromosome number 8
Chromosome number 2n 24
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 3 (triploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBABBABBBBBAAC
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form A (Hydrophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation a (Runner)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation fr (Fragmentation)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation t (Turio)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs a (Runner)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs t (Turio)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses a (Runner)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses t (Turio)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Barrat-Segretain, M.H. 1996: Strategies of reproduction, dispersion, and competition of river plants: A review. Vegetatio 123:13-27
Sutton, D.L. 1996: Depletion of turions and tubers of Hydrilla verticillata in the North New River Canal, Florida. Aquatic Botany 53:121-130
Sastroutomo, S.S. 1980: Environmental control of turion formation in curly pondweed (Potamogeton crispus). Physiol. Plant. 49:261-264
Bartley, M.R., Spence, D.H.N. 1987: Dormancy and propagation in heleophytes and hydrophytes. Arch. Hydrobiol. Ergebn. Limnol. 27:139-155
Basiouny, F.M., Haller, W., Garrard, L.A. 1978: Survival of Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticiallata) plants and propagules after removal from the aquatic habitat. Weed Science 26:502-504
Langeland, K.A., Sutton, D.L. 1980: Regrowth of Hydrilla from axillary buds. J. Aquat. Plant Managem. 18:27-29
Haller, W.T., Miller, J.L., Garrard, L.A. 1976: Seasonal production and germination of Hydrilla vegetative propagules. J. Aquat. Plant Managem. 14:26-29
Cook, C.D.K., Lüönd, R. 1982: A revision of the genus Hydrilla (Hydrillaceae). Aquatic Botany 13:485-504
Cook, C.D.K. 1987: Vegetative growth and genetic mobility in some aquatic weeds. In: Urbanska, K. (Hrsg.) Vegetation patterns in Higher Plants, S. 217-225, Academic Press, London
Glück, H. 1906: Biologische und morphologische Untersuchungen über Wasser- und Sumpfgewächse. 2. Aufl., Jena
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence i (persistent green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy a (hydromorphic)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 7
End of flowering (months) 8
Duration of flowering (months) 2
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction vvs (mostly vegetatively, rarely by seed)
Reference Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 2002: Rothmaler. Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band. 9. Aufl., Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dicliny »
Dicliny mo (monoecious)
Abundance unknown [0]
Reference Holm, L., Doll, J., Holm, E., Pancho, J., Herberger, J. 1997: World Weeds. John Wiley & Sons, New York
Dicliny do (dioecious)
Abundance unknown [0]
Reference Holm, L., Doll, J., Holm, E., Pancho, J., Herberger, J. 1997: World Weeds. John Wiley & Sons, New York
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference East, E.M. 1940: The distribution of self-sterility in the flowering plants. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 82:449-518
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wa (water)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system AFXF (mixed mating)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: vgl. Klassifizierungsschema Abb.
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 1 (none)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER Hy (water flowers: pollination on or under water)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type v (vegetative)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type v (vegetative)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type v (vegetative)
Information available False
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type  
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone o (subtropical)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 4
Oceanity »
Oceanity so (suboceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 3
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region a (Asia)
Continent of floristic region: a (Asien)
Status natural range
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
Floristic region f (Africa)
Continent of floristic region: f (Afrika)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 0
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity  
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat L3.4 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation warm
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 01.2 (Communities of aquatic plants rooting in the bed)
Class: Potamogetonetea pectinati
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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