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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. s. l. Asteraceae » Kleine Klette
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. accepted
Arctium minus agg. Synonym
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh., s. str. Synonym
Arctium pubens Bab. Synonym
Arctium minus subsp. minus Synonym
Arctium lappa var. minus (Hill) Pers. Synonym
Lappa communis Coss. & Germ. Synonym
Lappa pubens (Bab.) Boreau Synonym
Arctium tomentosum subsp. pubescens (Bab.) Nyman Synonym
Arctium vulgare , auct. A. H. Evans 1913, non (Hill) Druce Synonym
Lappa minor Hill Basionym
Arctium minus subsp. pubens (Bab.) P. Fourn. Synonym
Arctium nemorosum subsp. pubens (Bab.) Fiori Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 8
Chromosome number 2n 32
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level  
Ploidy type  
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABABBABBABBBBBABAC
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span b (biennial)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs r (Primary storage root)
Qualifier always [1]
Root metamorphoses »
Root metamorphoses r (Primary storage root)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Gross, R.S., Werner, P.A., Hawthorn, W.R. 1980: The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:621-634
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form voll (full)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 7
End of flowering (months) 9
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 8 (Clematis vitalba-Galium sylvaticum-Phase)
Phenological season: midsummer
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Gross, R.S., Werner, P.A., Hawthorn, W.R. 1980: The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:621-634
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy a2 (protandrous)
Reference Gross, R.S., Werner, P.A., Hawthorn, W.R. 1980: The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:621-634
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Mulligan, G.A. 1972: Autogamy, allogamy, and pollination in some Canadian weeds. Canadian Journal of Botany 50:1767-1771
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G., Moore, D.M. 1987: Flora of the British Isles. 3. Aufl., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Gross, R.S., Werner, P.A., Hawthorn, W.R. 1980: The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:621-634
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system AF (facultative autogamous)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: vgl. Klassifizierungsschema Abb.
P/O ratio »
P/O ratio 3052.0
Reference Gross, R.S., Werner, P.A., Hawthorn, W.R. 1980: The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60:621-634
Flower color »
Flower colour red violet
Basic flower colour vi (violet)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
UV reflection of the flower »
UV reflection in the periphery of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection in the centre of the flower 5 (40-66 %)
UV reflection pattern 1 (UV reflectance pattern present)
UV reflection in the periphery of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection in the centre of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection pattern 0 (no UV reflectance patterns)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B` (flower associations with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumble bees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 7.2a (flower heads, Asteraceae, only disk flowers)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FSt (infructescence)
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages always [1]
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 7.0
Weight (mean) [mg] 7.4
Weight (maximum) [mg] 7.8
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 4.0
Length (mean) [mm] 5.7
Length (maximum) [mm] 7.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.9
Width (mean) [mm] 2.2
Width (maximum) [mm] 2.8
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Height (mean) [mm] 1.6
Height (maximum) [mm] 2.0
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FSt (infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 10.0
Length (mean) [mm] 11.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 12.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 10.0
Width (mean) [mm] 20.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 30.0
Height (minimum) [mm]  
Height (mean) [mm]  
Height (maximum) [mm]  
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone b (boreal)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 4
Oceanity »
Oceanity os (weak oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Hemeroby b (b-euhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 4 (moderately urbanophilic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T10.3.3.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.2.1.1 (null)
Alliance: Aegopodion podagrariae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.2.2.5 (null)
Alliance: Onopordion acanthii
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T8.2.2.6 (null)
Alliance: Arction lappae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 06.5 (Eusiberian ruderal mugwort and thistles communities, and couch-grasslands)
Class: Artemisietea vulgaris
English circumscription 07.5 (Nitrophilous tall herb communities)
Class: Galio-Urticetea dioicae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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