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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Rubus chamaemorus L. Rosaceae » Moltebeere
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Rubus chamaemorus L. accepted
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 56
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 8 (octoploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1983: Rubus. In: Oberdorfer, E. (Hrsg.) Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora, S. 509-533, Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBBABBAAABBABA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form P (Pseudophanerophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
Climbing »
Climbing s (Spread climbing)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Taylor, K. 1971: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Rubus chamaemorus L.. Journal of Ecology 59:293-306
Söyrinki, N. 1939: Studien ber die generative und vegetative Vermehrung der Samenpflanzen in der alpinen Vegetation Petsamo-Lapplands. Ann. Bot. Soc. "Vanamo" 14:1-404
Resvoll, T.R. 1929: Rubus chamaemorus L. A morphological-biological study. Nyt. Mag. Naturvid. 67:55-129
Jessen, K. 1913: The structure and biology of arctic flowering plants II. 8. Rosaceae. Medd. om Groenl. 37:1-126
Rauh, W. 1938: Über die Verzweigung ausläuferbildender Sträucher mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Beziehung zu den Stauden. Hercynia 1:187-231
Mätsevainio, K. 1931: Untersuchungen ber das Wurzelsystem der Moorpflanzen. Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool. -Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 1:1-418
Raunkiaer, C. 1934: The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf anatomy e (helomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gelap (lobate)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 6
Duration of flowering (months) 2
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction vvs (mostly vegetatively, rarely by seed)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Dicliny »
Dicliny do (dioecious)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Taylor, K. 1971: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Rubus chamaemorus L.. Journal of Ecology 59:293-306
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Taylor, K. 1971: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Rubus chamaemorus L.. Journal of Ecology 59:293-306
Amount of floral reward 4 (plenty)
Flower color »
Flower colour white
Basic flower colour w (white)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B (flowers with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumblebees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 1.2ba (disk flowers with nectar ± hidden in centre of flower)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type SaStF (aggregate drupelets)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type SaF (aggregate fruit (syncarpous))
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FchT (part of fruitlet)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FchT (part of fruitlet)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 5.2
Width (minimum) [mm] 2.0
Width (mean) [mm] 2.6
Width (maximum) [mm] 3.5
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.3
Height (mean) [mm] 1.7
Height (maximum) [mm] 2.5
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Anderberg, A.L. 1994: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 4 (Resedaceae - Umbelliferae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type cs (competitors/stress-tolerators)
 
group of traits: Range »
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 0
Oceanity »
Oceanity ks (weak continental)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: extreme central continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby a (ahemerobic)
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 1 (urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat S1.3 (null)
Alliance: Oxycocco-Sphagnetea
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 02.3 (Vaccinium Oxycoccus - Sphagnum mires)
Class: Oxycocco-Sphagnetea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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