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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Rubus spectabilis Pursh Rosaceae » Pracht-Himbeere
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Rubus spectabilis Pursh accepted
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status N (neophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin u (unknown)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction VN (escaped crop and timber plant)
Mode of introduction VZ (escaped ornamental plant)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization EO (epecophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 14
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Fedorov, A.N. 1969: Chromosome numbers of Flowering Plants. Acad. Nauk, Leningrad
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBBABBAAABBABBAB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form P (Pseudophanerophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Root metamorphoses »
Root metamorphoses ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gefin (palmate)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 6
Duration of flowering (months) 2
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction sv (by seed and vegetatively)
Reference Oleskevich, C., Shamoun, S.F., Punja, Z.K. 1996: The biology of Canadian weeds. 105. Rubus strigosus Michx., Rubus parviflorus Nutt., and Rubus spectabilis Pursh.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 76:187-201
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rosoideae. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, 4 (2A), S. 269-659, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SI (self-incompatibel)
Reference Oleskevich, C., Shamoun, S.F., Punja, Z.K. 1996: The biology of Canadian weeds. 105. Rubus strigosus Michx., Rubus parviflorus Nutt., and Rubus spectabilis Pursh.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 76:187-201
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism GSI (gametophytic self-incompatibility)
Reference de Nettancourt, D. 1977: Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 4 (plenty)
Flower color »
Flower colour light purple to pink red
Basic flower colour ro (pink)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B (flowers with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumblebees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 1.2ba (disk flowers with nectar ± hidden in centre of flower)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type SaStF (aggregate drupelets)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type SaF (aggregate fruit (syncarpous))
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FchT (part of fruitlet)
Information available False
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Anderberg, A.L. 1994: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 4 (Resedaceae - Umbelliferae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Range »
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 0
Floristic region »
Floristic region wm (Western America)
Continent of floristic region: m (Amerika)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 0
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity  
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T2.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »


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