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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Rubus vestitus Weihe Rosaceae » Samt-Brombeere
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Rubus vestitus Weihe accepted
Rubus vestitus f. vestitus Synonym
Rubus vinetorum Holandre Synonym
Rubus diversifolius Lindl., non Tineo 1817, nom. illeg. Synonym
Rubus vestitus f. albiflorus G. Braun ex Kretzer Synonym
Rubus leucanthemus P. J. Müll. Synonym
<Rubus fruticosus agg. accepted
<Rubus fruticosus L., s. l. Synonym
<Rubus sect. Rubus Synonym
<Rubus fruticosus 'Sammelart' Synonym
<Rubus fruticosus - Gruppe Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 28
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1983: Rubus. In: Oberdorfer, E. (Hrsg.) Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora, S. 509-533, Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBBABBAAABBABBBBABMB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form P (Pseudophanerophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation a (Runner)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses a (Runner)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
Climbing »
Climbing s (Spread climbing)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Kirby, K.J. 1980: Experiments on vegetative reproduction in bramble (Rubus vestitus). Journal of Ecology 68:513-520
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gefin (palmate)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 7
End of flowering (months) 8
Duration of flowering (months) 2
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction sv (by seed and vegetatively)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production f (facultativ apomictic)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Type of apomixis »
Type of apomixis p (pseudogamous)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rosoideae. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, 4 (2A), S. 269-659, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Nygren, A. 1967: Apomixis in the angiosperms. In: Ruhland, W. (Hrsg.) Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie, 18, S. 551-596, Springer, Berlin
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance rare [4]
Reference Pinzauti, M., Lazzarini, D., Felicioli, A. 1997: Preliminary investigation of Osmia cornuta Latr. (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) as a potential pollinator for blackberry (Rubus fruticosus L.) under confined environment. Acta Horticulturae 437:329-333
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference genus [G]
Breeding system »
Breeding system XF (facultative allogamous)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Amount of floral reward 4 (plenty)
Flower color »
Flower colour pink red or white
Basic flower colour r (red)
Reference Weber, H.E. 1995: Rubus L.. In: Hegi, G.B. (Hrsg.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, IV/2A, S. 284-595, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B (flowers with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumblebees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 1.2ba (disk flowers with nectar ± hidden in centre of flower)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type SaStF (aggregate drupelets)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type SaF (aggregate fruit (syncarpous))
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FchT (part of fruitlet)
Information available False
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Anderberg, A.L. 1994: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 4 (Resedaceae - Umbelliferae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level m (montane)
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity oe (euoceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 1
Minimum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 0
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity  
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T2.1.2.2 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T2.3.2 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable True
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 09.5 (Blackthorn and buckthorn shrubs)
Class: Rhamno-Prunetea spinosae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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