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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Schoenus nigricans L. Cyperaceae » Schwarzes Kopfried
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Schoenus nigricans L. accepted
Chaetospora nigricans (L.) Kunth Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 22
Chromosome number 2n 44
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
Basic chromosome number 27
Chromosome number 2n 54
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBABBBBAAAAAABBA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs h (Tuft)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Sparling, J.H. 1968: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Schoenus nigricans L. (Chaetospora nigricans Kunth). Journal of Ecology 56:883-899
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence i (persistent green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy e (helomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form rohr (tubular)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 6
End of flowering (months) 7
Duration of flowering (months) 2
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 6 (Cornus sanguinea-Melica uniflora-Phase)
Phenological season: start of early summer
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction sv (by seed and vegetatively)
Reference Sparling, J.H. 1968: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Schoenus nigricans L. (Chaetospora nigricans Kunth). Journal of Ecology 56:883-899
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Sparling, J.H. 1968: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Schoenus nigricans L. (Chaetospora nigricans Kunth). Journal of Ecology 56:883-899
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Anmerkung 2002: pers. obs.
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy g2 (protogynous)
Reference Sparling, J.H. 1968: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Schoenus nigricans L. (Chaetospora nigricans Kunth). Journal of Ecology 56:883-899
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference East, E.M. 1940: The distribution of self-sterility in the flowering plants. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 82:449-518
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wi (wind)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance possible [5]
Reference Hedrén, M. 1997: Genetic variation and hybridization in Swedish Schoenus (Cyperaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 204:21-37
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system XF (facultative allogamous)
Reference Jonsson, B.O. 1998: Genetic variation, clonal diversity and breeding system in sedges (Carex). University, Lund
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 1 (none)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER W (wind flowers)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages always [1]
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.5
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.7
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.5
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.7
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.4
Length (mean) [mm] 1.5
Length (maximum) [mm] 1.8
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Width (mean) [mm] 1.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.4
Length (mean) [mm] 1.5
Length (maximum) [mm] 1.8
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Width (mean) [mm] 1.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.4
Length (mean) [mm] 1.5
Length (maximum) [mm] 1.8
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Width (mean) [mm] 1.0
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.0
special references:
Sparling, J.H. 1968: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Schoenus nigricans L. (Chaetospora nigricans Kunth). Journal of Ecology 56:883-899 (Gattung)
Berggren, G. 1969: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 2 (Cyperaceae). Swedish Natural Science Research Council, Stockholm (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type csr (competitors/stress-tolerators/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Indicator values for grassland species »
Grassland utilization indicator values »
Occurrence GE (little used grasslands)
Guild GS (sedge)
Mowing tolerance 2 (between 1 and 3 (intolerant to sensitive to mowing))
Grazing tolerance 4 (between 3 and 5 (sensitive to moderately tolerant to grazing))
Trampling tolerance 4 (between 3 and 5 (sensitive to moderately tolerant to trampling))
Foraging value 3 (little forage value)
Foraging value for deer  
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone u (austral and/or antarctic)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 4
Oceanity »
Oceanity os (weak oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region a (Asia)
Continent of floristic region: a (Asien)
Status natural range
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
Floristic region f (Africa)
Continent of floristic region: f (Afrika)
Status natural range
Floristic region m (Americas)
Continent of floristic region: m (Amerika)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby a (ahemerobic)
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 1 (urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat S2.2.2 (null)
Alliance: Caricion davallianae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 02.2 (Communities of pools and bog-pools)
Class: Scheuchzerio-Caricetea nigrae
English circumscription 05.4 (Commercially used grasslands)
Class: Molinio-Arrhenatheretea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Indicator values for grassland species »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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