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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schult. Poaceae » Kalk-Blaugras
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schult. accepted
Sesleria caerulea subsp. calcaria (Opiz) Celak. ex Hegi Synonym
Sesleria albicans var. pseudouliginosa (Braun-Blanq.) Oberd., nom. inval. (sine basion.) Synonym
Sesleria albicans var. albicans , sensu Oberd. Synonym
Sesleria caerulea , auct., non (L.) Arduino 1764 Synonym
Sesleria caerulea var. calcaria (Opiz) Celak. Synonym
Sesleria calcaria Opiz Synonym
Sesleria varia var. pseudouliginosa Braun-Blanq. Synonym
Sesleria varia , auct. Synonym
Sesleria deyliana Å. Löve & D. Löve Synonym
Sesleria caerulea subsp. varia , auct. Synonym
>Sesleria albicans subsp. albicans accepted
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 1 (Europe)
Reference Tutin, T.G., et al. 1964: Flora Europaea. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 28
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: DNA content »
DNA content »
DNA content (pg/2C) 9.3
Chromosome number 28
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 True
Reference Lysak, M.A., Dolezel, J. 1998: Estimation of nuclear DNA content in Sesleria (Poaceae). Caryologia 51:123-132
DNA content (pg/2C) 9.1
Chromosome number 28
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Lysak, M.A., Dolezel, J. 1998: Estimation of nuclear DNA content in Sesleria (Poaceae). Caryologia 51:123-132
DNA content (pg/2C) 9.8
Chromosome number 28
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Lysak, M.A., Dolezel, J. 1998: Estimation of nuclear DNA content in Sesleria (Poaceae). Caryologia 51:123-132
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBABBBBAAABBAAAAABAABA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation a (Runner)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Vegetative propagation fr (Fragmentation)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Storage organs »
Storage organs a (Runner)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Storage organs h (Tuft)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses a (Runner)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
Rosettes »
Rosettes g (Rosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Frey, W., Hensen, I., Kürschner, H. 1995: Drabo-Hieracietum humilis (Habichtskraut-Felsspaltengesellschaft) - Lebensstrategien von Felsspaltenbesiedlern. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik 117:249-272
Hensen, I. 1997: Life strategies of xerothermic grasslands - mechanisms of reproduction and colonization within Stipetum capillatae s.l. and Adonido-Brachypodietum pinnati. Feddes Repertorium 108:425-452
Lukasiewicz, A. 1962: Morfologizno-rozwojowe typy bylin (Morphologic development types of perennials). The Poznan Soc. of Friends of Science. Dept. math. -nat. Sci. Publ. Ser. Biol. (Posen) 27:1-398
Ebel, F., Mühlberg, H. 1987: Vergleichend-ökomorphologische Untersuchungen an Pflanzen-Taxa eines Trocken- und Feuchtbiotops. Hercynia N. F. 24:408-424
Wilhalm, T. 1995: A comparative study of clonal fragmentation in tussock-forming grasses. Abstr. Bot. 19:51-60
Hensen, I., Kentrup, M. 1998: Teucrio botryos-Melicetum ciliatae (Traubegamander-Wimpergrasflur) - Lebensstrategien in einer xerothemen Fels-Pioniergesellschaft. Tuexenia 18:217-236
Rauh, W. 1939: Über polsterförmigen Wuchs. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Wuchsformen der höheren Pflanzen. Nova Acta Leopold. N. F. 7:267-508
Salisbury, E. 1952: Downs and dunes. Their plant life and its environment. Bells & Sons, London
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence i (persistent green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gras (grass-like)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 3
End of flowering (months) 5
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 2 (Acer platanoides-Anemone nemorosa-Phase)
Phenological season: start of early spring
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Connor, H.E. 1979: Breeding system in the grasses: a survey. New Zealand Journal of Botany 17:547-574
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy g3 (pronounced protogynous)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dichogamy a2 (protandrous)
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility I+ (± self-incompatibel)
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism GSI (gametophytic self-incompatibility)
Reference de Nettancourt, D. 1977: Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wi (wind)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance rare [4]
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system XF (facultative allogamous)
Reference Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER W (wind flowers)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages sometimes [2]
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages sometimes [2]
Development of elongated appendages sometimes [2]
Development of additional appendages always [1]
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg]  
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.0
Weight (maximum) [mg]  
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.4
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.5
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.4
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.5
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.8
Length (mean) [mm] 2.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 2.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Width (mean) [mm] 1.1
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.9
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.1
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 3.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.3
Length (maximum) [mm] 5.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.2
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Height (mean) [mm] 1.1
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 3.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.3
Length (maximum) [mm] 5.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.2
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Height (mean) [mm] 1.1
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.2
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Dixon, J.M. 1982: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Sesleria albicans Kit. ex Schultes (S. varia (Jacq.) Wettst., S. caerulea (L.) Ard. ssp. calcarea (Celak.) Hegi). Journal of Ecology 70:667-684 (Gattung)
Bakker, J.P., Bakker, E.S., Rosén, E., Verweij, G.L. 1997: The soil seed bank of undisturbed and disturbed dry limestone grassland on Öland (Sweden). Z. Ökologie Nat. sch. 6:9-18 (Gattung)
Böttner, I., Frey, W., Hensen, I. 1997: Carex humilis-Gesellschaft im unteren Unstruttal (mitteldeutsches Trockengebiet) - Lebensstrategien einer xerothermen Vegetationseinheit. Feddes Repertorium 108:7; 583-8; 602 (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
Hensen, I., Kentrup, M. 1998: Teucrio botryos-Melicetum ciliatae (Traubegamander-Wimpergrasflur) - Lebensstrategien in einer xerothemen Fels-Pioniergesellschaft. Tuexenia 18:217-236 (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type cs (competitors/stress-tolerators)
 
group of traits: Indicator values for grassland species »
Grassland utilization indicator values »
Occurrence GE (little used grasslands)
Guild G (grass)
Mowing tolerance 3 (sensitive to mowing)
Grazing tolerance 4 (between 3 and 5 (sensitive to moderately tolerant to grazing))
Trampling tolerance 4 (between 3 and 5 (sensitive to moderately tolerant to trampling))
Foraging value 3 (little forage value)
Foraging value for deer  
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level d (de(sub)alpine)
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level d (de(sub)alpine)
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level d (de(sub)alpine)
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity o (oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 2
Minimum level of oceantity: oceanic climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby a (ahemerobic)
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 3
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 1 (urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat S2.2.2 (null)
Alliance: Caricion davallianae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T1.1.1.4 (null)
Alliance: Cephalanthero-Fagenion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T1.4.1.3 (null)
Alliance: Erico-Pinion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T3.4.2.1 (null)
Alliance: Seslerion variae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 02.2 (Communities of pools and bog-pools)
Class: Scheuchzerio-Caricetea nigrae
English circumscription 05.2 (Pioneer communities of hair-grasses)
Class: Koelerio-Corynephoretea
English circumscription 05.3 (Fescue-brome communities of dry and semi-dry grasslands)
Class: Festuco-Brometea
English circumscription 05.7 (Alpine moor-grass communities)
Class: Seslerietea albicantis
English circumscription 05.9 (Arctic-alpine false sedge communities)
Class: Carici rupestris-Kobrisietea bellardii
English circumscription 08.1 (Alpine calcareous dwarf scrub communities)
Class: Rhododendro hirsuti-Ericetea carneae
English circumscription 08.3 (Snowbed communities)
Class: Salicetea herbaceae
English circumscription 09.5 (Blackthorn and buckthorn shrubs)
Class: Rhamno-Prunetea spinosae
English circumscription 10.2 (Mesophilous, summer-green deciduous forests)
Class: Carpino-Fagetea
English circumscription 10.4 (Thermophilous dry oak forests)
Class: Quercetea pubescentis-petraeae
English circumscription 10.7 (Snow-heather pine-forests)
Class: Erico-Pinetea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
DNA content »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Indicator values for grassland species »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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